Plastic Kit Glue not included Dimension 623 * 95 mm 610 Plastic parts The manufacturer of the kit is Hobby.This kit is only online available. Battleship Bismarck Forums ↳ Bismarck General Discussion ↳ Bismarck Crewmember Research ↳ The Wreck of the Bismarck; Naval History Forums ↳ Naval History in General ↳ The Age of Sail (1571-1860) ↳ The Ironclad & Pre-dreadnought Era (1860-1905) ↳ The Dreadnought Era (1906-1921) ↳ Naval History (1922-1945) The 17 meter long bow section of the Dunkerque was built separately and joined to the hull after the launch. Dunkerque and her sister Strasbourg were among the few battleships equipped with two superimposed quadruple turrets, in this case housing 13″ guns. Little else was done with either wreck for more than a decade; in March 1955, Strasbourg was condemned and renamed Q45 before being sold for scrap in May. Escorted by five destroyers and some 65 aircraft, she arrived in Toulon on 20 February and was later drydocked there in June to begin repairs. Discover (and save!) For Dunkerque, her forward turret had a 345 mm (13.6 in) rear plate and her superfiring turret had a 335 mm (13.2 in) rear; Strasbourg had 352 mm (13.9 in) and 342 mm (13.5 in) plates, respectively. Fire control equipment for the anti-aircraft battery consisted of four 1 m (3 ft 3 in) rangefinders, two forward on the tower and two on the aft superstructure. BRETAGNE BATTLESHIP 1913-1940, wreck, wreck database. The two ships were the first capital ships to be built by the French Navy after World War I; the planned Normandie and Lyon classes had been cancelled at the outbreak of war, and budgetary problems prevented the French from building new battleships … In 1922, the Washington Naval Treaty imposed a ten-year moratorium on the construction of new battlecruisers. Gebaseerd op het ontwerp van de Dunkerque en de Strasbourg werden later de Jean Bart en de Richelieu gebouwd, grotere en zwaarder bewapende schepen. [11][12], The ships were powered by four sets of Parsons geared steam turbines driving four 3-bladed screws for Dunkerque and 4-bladed screws for Strasbourg. Gneisenau was ordered as Ersatz Hessen as a replacement for the old pre-dreadnought Hessen, under the contract name "E." The Deutsche Werke in Kiel was awarded the contract, where the keel was laid on 6 May 1935. Dit hielp om de lengte van de hoofdpantsergordel beperkt te houden. [8], The two ships differed slightly in their dimensions; both were 209 m (686 ft) long between perpendiculars, while Dunkerque was 215.14 m (705.8 ft) long overall while Strasbourg was 215.5 m (707 ft) overall. They were the first French battleships built since the Bretagne class of pre-World War I vintage, and they were heavily influenced by the Washington Treaty system t The old British battleships Resolution and Valiant, with the battlecruiser Hood and some other ships, attacked the French fleet near Oran, Algeria, destroying the old battleship Bretagne, severely damaging her sister Provence, and less seriously damaging the new battleship Dunkerque, while the latter's sister Strasbourg managed to escape unscathed. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. Her wreck remained in Toulon until 1955 and scrapped 3 years later The French Battleship DUNKERQUE as Build 1935 – 43 Sheets Scale 1/200, Scale 1/100 and Scale 1/20 (This sets of drawings were released into the public domain by the French Ministère de la Défense in 2009). [7], The Dunkerque-class ships' relatively small size and light armament and emphasis on speed rather than protection, especially compared to the other treaty battleships of the period, has led some to classify them as battlecruisers. The increase in displacement brought with it a third quadruple 305 mm turret placed aft and heavier armour protection in a version capable of 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph), while a slower 27-knot (50 km/h; 31 mph) ship was to be armed with six 406 mm (16 in) guns in twin turrets. Het schip had een lengte van 215 meter, een breedte van 31 meter en een diepgang van 9,6 meter. The underwater protection system covered the same area of the hull as the belt armour. Het schip had een standaardwaterverplaatsing van 26.500 ton. The arrangement offered improved damage resistance, since one system could be disabled due battle damage and the other could remain in operation. In September 1940, the ship and several cruisers sortied to cover Provence, which had been repaired and refloated after the attack on Mers-el-Kébir, as she returned to Toulon. These original to scale drawings of French warships were released into the public domain by the French Ministère de la Défense in 2009! Table of Contents (Click to Skip): The Dunkerque is a unique T6 battleship due to it's bow forward configuration of it's guns and quad gun turrets. [6], As refining work on the design progressed, it became apparent that the 25,000-ton standard displacement was too low to accommodate the requested characteristics, so it was increased first to 26,000 long tons (26,000 t) and finally to 26,500 long tons (26,900 t). We hope you enjoy our content. French Battleship Dunkerque. [16], Close-range antiaircraft defence was provided by a battery of ten 37 mm (1.5 in) guns in twin mounts for Dunkerque and eight such guns for Strasbourg, along with thirty-two 13.2 mm (0.52 in) machine guns in quadruple mounts for Dunkerque and thirty-six guns for Strasbourg. Dunkerque … Both ships were badly damaged and were handed over to Italian control, where they were partially broken up. The Italian announcement in May 1934 that they would begin building new 35,000-ton battleships armed with 381 mm (15 in) guns threatened to throw French plans into disarray, since these ships would be vastly superior to the Dunkerque design, but the first French ship had already been laid down and it was too late to redesign the second vessel, Strasbourg, in response. Sea trials were carrie… Het gordelpantser varieerde van 146 mm tot 248 mm, het dekpantser van 127 mm tot 141 mm. This had come to be because French shipbuilding and war manufacturing priorities had been drastically altered during World War I. With war looming in August 1939, the French created the Force de Raid (Raiding Force), centred on the two Dunkerques, which was tasked with hunting down the Deutschlands that were expected to operate in the Atlantic as commerce raiders. Draft for Dunkerque measured 8.57 m (28.1 ft) normally and increased to 9.71 m (31.9 ft) at full load, and Strasbourg drew 8.73 m (28.6 ft) at normal loading and 9.89 m (32.4 ft) at full load. Based in Mers-el-Kébir along with other elements of the French fleet, the ships saw little activity during the Battle of France that ended with French defeat; the Armistice mandated that the French fleet would be demilitarised, with Dunkerque and Strasbourg to remain in Mers-el-Kébir. Laid down:24 December 1932 Launched:2 October 1935 Commissioned:1 May 1937 Fate:Scuttled, 27 November 1942; scrapped, 1958 When you want to go back to the page, just click outside the picture. As tensions rose with Germany over the latter's aggressive demands on Polish territory, the British and French naval commands agreed to divide responsibilities for joint operations in the anticipated war; France would cover Allied shipping in the central Atlantic, and for this purpose, Dunkerque and Strasbourg were assigned to the new Force de Raid (Raiding Force) to hunt down German commerce raiders. [31], The British government, incorrectly fearing that the Germans intended to seize the French fleet and employ it against Britain, embarked on a campaign to neutralise the vessels. The improved armour layout not only rendered the ships immune to 283 mm fire at expected battle ranges, but it was also capable of defeating the 305 mm guns of the older Italian battleships still in service. Strasbourg was completed to a slightly modified design, receiving somewhat heavier armour in response to new Italian Littorio-class battleships. Watch Queue Queue The new French vessel would be armed with a battery of eight 305 mm (12 in) guns mounted in two quadruple gun turrets, both arranged forward, since the French envisioned using the ships to chase down the Italian cruisers. battlecruiser. Their main armament was two quadruple 330 mm turrets forward, with a … Instead, she was retained as a target for underwater weapons tests. Ook dat hielp het gewicht te beperken, het nadeel daarvan was echter dat bij de uitschakeling van één geschutskoepel in het gevecht, het schip direct beroofd was van de helft van zijn slagkracht. "This will be fun! The quadruple turrets were placed on the stern, with one on the centreline on the superstructure and the other two on either side on the upper deck, and the twin turrets were located amidships, just forward of the funnel. The French never caught the German cruisers, and instead the vessels were sent to Mers-el-Kébir to deter Italy from entering the war against France. Ditto for a type of warship, country, year, etc..., e.g. Dunkerque entered drydock for permanent repairs at Toulon and was there when the Germans occupied Vichy. The 1:350 Model Kit of a French Navy Dunkerque Battleship. They lit fires in the boilers and shut off the water supply so that the boilers would overheat and explode, and they packed gun barrels with explosives. The ships visited Portugal in May before embarking on a lengthy tour of Britain later that month and in June. [23], After commissioning in 1936, Dunkerque required extensive testing and evaluation, including extensive trials with her guns, as both the main and secondary battery mounts were new to French naval service. After pressure from the French parliament over the perceived weakness of the design, the Chief of the Naval Staff issued a new set of requirements, including an increase in standard displacement to 25,000 long tons (25,000 t), an armament of eight 330 mm guns, and armour sufficient to resist 283 mm projectiles. BRETAGNE BATTLESHIP 1913-1940, wreck, wreck database. Where the system had to be narrowed, abreast the forward and aft magazines, the main bulkhead increased in thickness to 40 and then 50 mm to account for the reduction in effectiveness. Wary of another naval arms race similar to the Anglo-German race that was seen as contributing to the start of World War I, the world's major navies held the Washington Naval Conference in 1921 to discuss controls on battleship construction, both to limit their size and armament but also to limit the number of ships that could be built. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. French Battleship Dunkerque. guns arranged in two quadruple gun turrets, both of which were placed in a superfiring pair forward of the superstructure. The wreck was not meant to be in that area, so it was difficult to identify what we had found. Sabotage teams went through the ships, destroying any equipment that might be usable by the Germans, including rangefinders, gyrocompasses, and radios. The Fairey Swordfish torpedo bombers failed to score any direct hits on Dunkerque, but a pair of torpedoes struck the patrol boat Terre-Neuve that had been moored alongside the ship. [34][35], In the meantime, Strasbourg became the flagship of the Forces de haute mer, which was created from the remains of the French fleet still available in Toulon, under the command of Amiral Jean de Laborde. Dunkerque was the lead ship of the Dunkerque class of battleships built for the French Navy in the 1930s. Omdat men niet gebruikmaakte van de maximaal toegestane bepalingen (ter zake een standaardwaterverplaatsing van 35.000 ton) moeten deze schepen vooral gezien worden als een reactie op de Duitse pantserschepen van de Deutschlandklasse, die ze zowel in snelheid en slagkracht als in bepantsering overtroffen. To prevent the French from repairing them in the future, the Italians inflicted further damage on the wrecks, including cutting their main-battery guns. Saved by Jim. De luchtafweer bestond uit acht kanonnen van 37 mm en tweeëndertig van 13,2 mm. Guns of the mighty Bismarck wreck USS Yorktown wreck discovered by Robert Ballard in 1998 USS Kittiwake Two grounded WWI German submarines Two wrecked. Their rate of fire was 10 to 12 shells per minute. But she was refloated and and returned to Toulon for extensive repairs. After Gensoul rejected their demands, the British opened fire. Strasbourg was the second and final member of the Dunkerque class of fast battleships built for the French Navy in the 1930s. [25][26], During the Sudetenland Crisis with Germany in early April 1939, Dunkerque was sent to cover the return of the training cruiser Jeanne d'Arc as it returned from a cruise in the Caribbean, as a nearby German squadron would have threatened the vessel if war had broken out. 32 mitrailleurs van 13,2 mm, 30 mm (anti-torpedo schotten) [18], The ships' protection scheme incorporated the all or nothing principal. [5], Design studies continued after the London Naval Treaty, where the British had unsuccessfully pushed for reductions in the maximum displacement and gun calibre. Dunkerque became Q56 in September but remained extant until September 1958, when she, too, was sold to ship breakers. The ships' boilers were arranged in side-by-side pairs in three boiler rooms; the first was placed below the command tower and the other two were placed below the funnel. French battleship Dunkerque has been listed as one of the Warfare good articles under the good article criteria.If you can improve it further, please do so. Maximum displacement of any new battleship was restricted to 35,000 long tons (36,000 t) at standard displacement. Dunkerque was the lead ship of the Dunkerque class of battleships … Dunkerque and her sister Strasbourg were among the few battleships equipped with two superimposed quadruple turrets, in this case housing 13″ guns. The system included three bulkheads, the first of which was 16 mm (0.63 in) thick, followed by a 10 mm bulkhead, and backed by the main torpedo bulkhead, which was 30 mm (1.2 in) thick. https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dunkerque_(schip,_1937)&oldid=55963049, Frans marineschip in de Tweede Wereldoorlog, Wikipedia:Lokale afbeelding gelijk aan Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen, Mediabestanden die bij dit onderwerp horen, zijn te vinden op de pagina. 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